What is cocaine?
I am looking for Other names for cocaine? Cocaine is an addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant. Although medical professionals occasionally use it as a local anesthetic for medical purposes, such as surgery, it is an illegal controlled substance. Cocaine is the second most abused illegal drug in the world.
Other names for cocaine include:
What does cocaine look like?
Cocaine comes in the form of a fine white powder. Cocaine bought on the street is often mixed with other substances, such as cornstarch, talcum powder or flour. However, not all drugs mixed with cocaine are neutral: cocaine bought on the street is often mixed with amphetamines and other stimulant drugs. The Other names for cocaine.
How is cocaine used?
Cocaine use often occurs in a binge, that is, taking the drug repeatedly over a short period of time, to keep the level high. Cocaine is snorted, swallowed, injected or smoked.
Short-term effects of cocaine
Cocaine causes a brief high, usually lasting less than an hour. The duration of the high depends on how it is used: the high from snorting lasts 15 to 30 minutes, while the high from smoking or injecting can be more intense but shorter, lasting 5 to 10 minutes. High cocaine use is followed by an intense period of depression, irritability, loss of appetite, and sleep disturbances. Regardless of how much cocaine you use or how often, cocaine use increases the risk of sudden heart attacks, strokes, seizures, and respiratory failure, which can cause death.
Common physical symptoms include:
Increased heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature.
Common mental symptoms include
Mental symptoms may persist even after the physical effect has worn off.
Long-term effects of cocaine
There are many long-term consequences of cocaine use, some of which depend on the method of administration.
loss of smell
Frequent runny nose
If swallowed or rubbed on the gums
Severe intestinal decay
Increased risk of infection
General effects, whatever the form of administration:
Irreversible damage to blood vessels in the heart and brain.
High blood pressure (increased risk of heart attacks and strokes)
Liver, kidney and lung damage
Hallucinations (auditory, tactile)
Sexual problems, including infertility for both men and women.
Disorientation, confusion, apathy.
Mood disorders (depression, anxiety).
Psychosis. What is Other names for cocaine.
Why do people use cocaine?
The human brain produces a neurotransmitter (chemical messenger) called dopamine in areas that control pleasure and movement. Under normal circumstances, the brain releases dopamine in response to potential rewards such as food or sex. Once dopamine is released, it is rapidly broken down or recycled within brain cells. Cocaine hijacks this system and prevents dopamine from being recycled, causing a buildup in the brain. This intense buildup causes a surge of cocaine, including feelings of pleasure and energy.
Crack is the strongest form of cocaine and is usually 75-100% pure, which is much stronger and riskier than snorting powder cocaine. Crack is usually smoked, which allows for a stronger and faster high, but much shorter. Because of the intensity of the high caused by crack, addiction can develop much faster.
Can a person overdose on cocaine?
Yes, a person can overdose on cocaine. Excessive cocaine use can cause a toxic reaction, resulting in serious and harmful illness or even death. An overdose can occur unintentionally and can occur even after the first use of cocaine. Using cocaine with alcohol at the same time is particularly risky and can cause serious harm. The most common effects of overdose are cardiovascular, causing arrhythmias, heart attacks and strokes, but can also cause seizures.
How is a cocaine overdose treated?
Overdoses are treated by controlling the conditions created by the overdose: heart attack, stroke and seizures. This involves restoring blood flow to the heart or brain or stopping an ongoing seizure.
How can I recognize a cocaine problem?
Some warning signs are
more frequent use
Need more and more to get the same effect
Spend time thinking about drug use
If you find it hard to be happy without it
Spending more money than you have
Miss class or don’t finish homework because of cocaine
Make new friends who use it and neglect old friends who don’t.
Erratic or unpredictable behavior.
If you find that you can’t stop using cocaine, remember that help is available.
How can I help a friend who has a drug or alcohol problem?
If you are concerned about a friend’s drug or alcohol use, this page contains information on several ways to help.